## Abstract

We introduce the problem of FLEXIBLE ALLOCATION ON RELATED MACHINES WITH ASSIGNMENT RESTRICTIONS (FARM). In this problem the input consists of a set of machines and a set of jobs. Each machine has a finite capacity, and each job has a resource requirement interval, a profit per allocated unit of resource, and a set of machines that can potentially supply the requirement. A feasible solution is an allocation of machine resources to jobs such that: (i) a machine resource can be allocated to a job only if it is a potential supplier of this job, (ii) the amount of machine resources allocated by a machine is bounded by its capacity, and (iii) the amount of resources that are allocated to a job is either in its requirement interval or zero. Notice that a job can be serviced by multiple machines. The goal is to find a feasible allocation that maximizes the overall profit. We focus on [Formula presented]- FARM in which the required resource of a job is at most an [Formula presented]-fraction of (or [Formula presented] times) the capacity of each potential machine, for some [Formula presented]. FARM is motivated by resource allocation problems arising in cellular networks and in cloud computing. Specifically, FARM models the problem of assigning clients to base stations in 4G cellular networks. We present a 2-approximation algorithm for 1- FARM and a [Formula presented]-approximation algorithm for [Formula presented]-FARM, for any [Formula presented]. Both are based on the local ratio technique and on maximum flow computations. We observe that an LP-rounding 2-approximation algorithm for the GENERALIZED ASSIGNMENT PROBLEM also applies to 1-FARM. Finally, we give an [Formula presented] lower bound on the approximation ratio for [Formula presented]-FARM (assuming P[Formula presented]NP).

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 309-321 |

Number of pages | 13 |

Journal | Discrete Applied Mathematics |

Volume | 250 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 11 Dec 2018 |

### Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:© 2018 Elsevier B.V.

### Funding

Research wassupported in part by the Israeli Consortium for Network Programming (Neptune, www.nep-tune.org.il ). Dror Rawitz was supported in part by a grant from the Israel Science Foundation (Grant No. 497/14 ). Research wassupported in part by the Israeli Consortium for Network Programming (Neptune, www.nep-tune.org.il). Dror Rawitz was supported in part by a grant from the Israel Science Foundation (Grant No. 497/14).

Funders | Funder number |
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Israeli Consortium for Network Programming | |

Israel Science Foundation | 497/14 |

## Keywords

- Approximation algorithms
- Flexible resource allocation
- LP rounding
- Local ratio