First-Principles Investigation of the Formation of Pt Nanorafts on a Mo2C Support and Their Catalytic Activity for Oxygen Reduction Reaction

Chethana B. Krishnamurthy, Oran Lori, Lior Elbaz, Ilya Grinberg

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30 Scopus citations

Abstract

We use first-principles calculations to study the formation of Pt nanorafts and their oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalytic activity on Mo2C. Due to the high Pt binding energy on C atoms, Pt forms sheet-like structures on the Mo2C surface instead of agglomerating into particles. We find that the disordered Mo2C surface carbon arrangement limits the Pt sheet growth, leading to the formation of 4-6 atom Pt nanorafts. The O-O repulsion between the O atoms on the Mo2C and O adsorbate enhances the ORR activity by weakening the O adsorption energy. We find a significant change from the usual scaling of the energies of the intermediates in the ORR pathway and a strong interaction between the nanoraft and water that lead to a high activity of the Pt nanorafts. Fundamentally, our work demonstrates that the activity of metal catalysts can be strongly affected by manipulation of the atomic arrangement of the supporting carbide surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2229-2234
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Volume9
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 May 2018

Bibliographical note

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© Copyright 2018 American Chemical Society.

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