Finite-size effects in vortex localization

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Abstract

The equilibrium properties of flux lines pinned by columnar disorder are studied, using the analogy with the time evolution of a diffusing scalar density in a randomly amplifying medium. Near (Formula presented), the physical features of the vortices in the localized phase are shown to be determined by the density of states near the band edge. As a result, (Formula presented) is inversely proportional to the logarithm of the sample size, and the screening length of the perpendicular magnetic field decreases with temperature. For large tilt the extended ground state turns out to wander in the plane perpendicular to the defects with exponents corresponding to a directed polymer in a random medium, and the energy difference between two competing metastable states in this case is extensive. The divergence of the effective potential associated with strong pinning centers as the tilt approaches its critical value is discussed as well.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8571-8579
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume57
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

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