Fifth bivalent omicron BA.4/BA.5 vaccination neutralization of SARS-CoV-2 in heart transplant recipients

Yael Peled, Arnon Afek, Jignesh K. Patel, Ehud Raanani, Amit Segev, Eilon Ram, Alexander Fardman, Roy Beigel, Nofar Atari, Limor Kliker, Bayan Abd Elkader, Michal Mandelboim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

In 2022, the antigenically divergent SARS-CoV-2 omicron variants (BA.1, BA.2, BA.4, BA.5) outcompeted previous variants and continued to cause substantial numbers of illnesses and deaths. We evaluated the safety and immunogenicity of the bivalent original/omicron BA.4/BA.5 Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine administered as a fifth dose to heart transplant recipients (HTxRs). We compared neutralization (using live virus assays) of SARS-CoV-2-infected cells in serum samples from HTxRs who had previously received 4 doses of the monovalent BNT162b2 vaccine with samples from HTxRs with breakthrough infection after 4 monovalent BNT162b2 doses. The fifth vaccination induced high neutralization efficiency against the wild-type virus and omicron BA.1, BA.2, BA.4, and BA.5 variants, with significantly higher neutralization efficiency being induced in HTxRs with breakthrough infection than in those without. Neutralizing titers in those with breakthrough infection were sustained above the level induced by the fifth dose in the uninfected. We conclude that the fifth bivalent vaccine is immunogenic, including to variants, with higher vaccine immunogenicity conferred by breakthrough infection. Nevertheless, the clinical protection conferred by the fifth dose is yet to be determined. The sustained neutralization responses in those with breakthrough infection support the notion of delaying booster in those with natural breakthrough infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1054-1058
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Volume42
Issue number8
Early online date19 Apr 2023
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation

Keywords

  • SARS-CoV-2
  • bivalent vaccine
  • fifth dose
  • heart transplantation
  • neutralization

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