Factors related to perceived power usage in schools

Joseph Schwarzwald, Meni Koslowsky, Shlomit Brody-Shamir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Based on Raven's (1992) power interaction model, situational and personal variables were examined as determinants of power choice in educational settings. The impact of educational sector (secular, religious), class level, gender and content of conflict on perceived power usage in teacher-pupil conflicts was analysed. A total of 370 elementary and junior high school pupils and 62 teachers from the same schools responded to a series of scenarios where they were asked how often specific power bases are used by teachers in trying to gain compliance. Results indicated that harsh power bases were perceived as more prevalent in the secular educational sector rather than in the religious one, in junior high school rather than elementary school, for boys as compared with girls, and for conflicts stemming from students rather than teachers. Findings were interpreted in terms of conformity level and frequency of conflicts. The discussion also addresses the lack of correspondence between teacher and pupil responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-462
Number of pages18
JournalBritish Journal of Educational Psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2006


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