Factors associated with work-family enrichment among working Israeli parents during COVID-19 lockdowns

Inbar Levkovich, Shiri Shinan-Altman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


This study examined work-family enrichment, protective resources and psychological implications among working Israeli parents during COVID-19. In this cross-sectional study, 409 working parents were recruited during Israel’s third lockdown. Levels of FWC/WFC and resilience were moderate, psychological distress and fear of COVID-19 were low, and perceived social support was high. All the study variables showed significant associations with each other. A multivariate regression analysis explained 30% of the WFC and FWC variance. We found differences in FWC/WFC based upon children’s age but not on parents’ gender. FWC/WFC mediated the effect of perceived social support and resilience on fear of COVID-19 and psychological distress. The findings explain the importance of personal resources during the pandemic in buffering the negative effects of parents’ work- and family-related burdens and have important implications for helping families with young children cope during challenging times.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-70
Number of pages10
JournalArchives of Environmental and Occupational Health
Issue number2
Early online date13 Apr 2022
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


  • COVID-19
  • family-work conflict
  • fear of COVID-19
  • perceived social support
  • psychological distress
  • resilience
  • work-family conflict


Dive into the research topics of 'Factors associated with work-family enrichment among working Israeli parents during COVID-19 lockdowns'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this