Extracellular sodium regulates airway ciliary motility by inhibiting a P2X receptor

Welyuan Ma, Alon Korngreen, Natalya Uzlaner, Zvi Priel, Shal D. Silberberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

The mucociliary system is responsible for clearing inhaled particles and pathogens from the airways. This important task is performed by the beating of Cilia and the consequent movement of mucus from the lungs to the upper airways. Because ciliary motility is enhanced by elevated intracellular calcium concentrations, inhibition of calcium influx could lead to disease by jeopardizing mucociliary clearance. Several hormones and neurotransmitters stimulate ciliary motility, one of the most potent of which is extracellular ATP (ATP(o))1, which acts by releasing calcium ions from internal stores and by activating calcium influx. Here we show that, in airway ciliated cells, extracellular sodium ions (Na(o/+)) specifically and competitively inhibit an ATP(o)gated channel that is permeable to calcium ions, and thereby attenuate ATP(o)-induced ciliary motility. Our finding points to a physiological role for Na(o/+) in ciliary function, and indicates that mucociliary clearance might be improved in respiratory disorders such as chronic bronchitis and cystic fibrosis by decreasing the sodium concentration of the airway surface fluid in which the cilia are bathed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)894-897
Number of pages4
JournalNature
Volume400
Issue number6747
DOIs
StatePublished - 26 Aug 1999
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Extracellular sodium regulates airway ciliary motility by inhibiting a P2X receptor'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this