Exploring the Optimal Timing of Endoscopic Ultrasound Performance Post-Acute Idiopathic Pancreatitis

Tawfik Khoury, Amir Shahin, Wisam Sbeit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Patients with acute idiopathic pancreatitis (AIP) should undergo further imaging tests such as endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) for further investigation. The time interval between an episode of AIP and EUS performance is still controversial. Aims: We aimed to explore the optimal timing for performing EUS and to reveal parameters that might predict longer intervals needed for performing EUS. Methods: We performed a single-center retrospective study at Galilee Medical Center from January 2015 to January 2020, at which point we included all patients who underwent EUS for further investigation of AIP. Results: Overall, we included 50 patients. The average age of all patients was 54.2 ± 17.6 years (range 22–69 years), and more than half of the study cohort were males (58%). Classifying patients as inflamed vs. normal pancreatic tissue on EUS, we found that among patients with normal pancreatic tissue, EUS was performed 44.7 ± 28.3 days from discharge, while for patients with inflamed pancreatic tissue, it was 48.1 ± 22.3 days (p = 0.37) after discharge. Notably, the CT severity index was significantly associated with inflamed pancreatic tissue on EUS, as it was 2.4 ± 0.74 vs. 1.5 ± 1.3 in the normal pancreatic tissue group (p = 0.03). There were no differences in the Bedside index for severity in acute pancreatitis (BISAP) scores, and there were no differences in the average American Society of Anesthesiologist Physical Status (ASA) scores between the two groups. Notably, 26.3% of patients had inflamed pancreatic tissue when performing EUS at 4 weeks, as compared to 16% who had inflamed pancreatic tissue at EUS performed after 6 weeks. Conclusion: Radiological severity score was the only important factor in determining the time interval of performing EUS after an episode of AIP. Intervals greater than six weeks seem to be needed among patients with higher Balthazar scores.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1808
JournalDiagnostics
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 27 Jul 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors.

Keywords

  • EUS
  • idiopathic
  • pancreatitis
  • scores
  • severity
  • timing

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