Exploring inclusion preservice training needs: A study of variables associated with attitudes and self-efficacy beliefs

Shlomo Romi, Yona Leyser

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    121 Scopus citations


    The study examined attitudes towards inclusion and sense of efficacy of 1155 Israeli preservice teachers and variables related to these beliefs. Participants responded to an Options related to inclusion scale, and a Teacher efficacy scale. Findings revealed strong support for the principle of inclusion, yet also support for segregated special education placements. Several concerns regarding inclusion were expressed, which were related to the area of classroom management and teacher instructional skills. Sense of efficacy scores on personal efficacy, social efficacy and efficacy regarding low-achieving students were higher than those for teaching efficacy. Less support for inclusion was found for students in Arab (Muslim) colleges compared to students in Jewish colleges. These two groups were also different on self-efficacy scores. The major area of study and experience was associated with the level of support for inclusion and to self-efficacy scores. The progression in the training programme was associated with increased concerns and less support for inclusion. Female students were more supportive of inclusion than males, and had higher self-efficacy scores. Implications for preservice education for general and special education students are discussed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)85-105
    Number of pages21
    JournalEuropean Journal of Special Needs Education
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - Feb 2006

    Bibliographical note

    Funding Information:
    The study was funded by MOFET, Ministry of Education in Jerusalem, Israel. The authors would like to thank MOFET for their support.


    • Attitudes
    • Inclusion
    • Preservice teachers
    • Self-efficacy


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