Explaining responses to volunteering: An ecological model

Liat Kulik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


The author examined responses to volunteering as expressed in satisfaction with volunteering and burnout. The research sample consisted of 275 volunteers (212 women and 63 men) in various types of social service organizations in Israel. Based on Bronfenbrenner's ecological model, the author examined the contribution of variables from three ecological systems to explaining the outcome variables: (a) the ontogenic system (gender, age, education, and economic situation) and personality characteristics (self-esteem and empowerment), (b) the micro system (family context and volunteer context), and (c) the macro system, including variables reflecting cultural norms, as expressed in ethnic origin. Empowerment, self-esteem, and sociodemographic variables were the main variables related to satisfaction and burnout.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-255
Number of pages17
JournalNonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2007


  • Burnout in volunteering
  • Ecological model
  • Satisfaction with volunteer activity


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