The wave function for a state of definite angular momentum of the three-dimensional isotropic harmonic oscillator is expressed exactly in terms of the corresponding classical trajectories. In particular, the three-dimensional wave function as well as the radial wave function and the spherical harmonics are obtained as integrals over quantities determined entirely by the classical motion. The expression for the harmonic-oscillator radial wave function is shown also to yield the exact radial wave function for the free particle. The expressions are cast in forms suitable for use as uniform semiclassical approximations for wave functions of other systems. Numerical examples confirm that such wave functions obey boundary conditions appropriate for spherical coordinates and that they are free of caustic singularities. The wave functions obtained by this technique can be quite accurate even for low-energy states where semiclassical approximations are expected to be poor.
|Number of pages||17|
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|State||Published - 2001|