Evidence of magnetoelectronic electromagnon-mediated transport in flexoelectronic heterostructures

Anand Katailiha, Paul C. Lou, Ravindra G. Bhardwaj, W. P. Beyermann, Sandeep Kumar

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The superposition of atomic vibrations and flexoelectronic effect gives rise to a cross correlation between free charge carriers and temporal magnetic moment of phonons in conducting heterostructures under an applied strain gradient. The resulting dynamical coupling is expected to give rise to quasiparticle excitations called magnetoelectronic electromagnons that carry electronic charge and temporal magnetic moment. Here, we report experimental evidence of magnetoelectronic electromagnons in the freestanding degenerately doped p-Si based heterostructure thin film samples. These quasiparticle excitations give rise to long-distance (>100 μm) spin transport, demonstrated using spatially modulated transverse magnetothermoelectric and nonlocal resistance measurements. The magnetoelectronic electromagnons are nonreciprocal and give rise to large magnetochiral anisotropy (0.352A-1T-1) that diminishes at lower temperatures. The superposition of nonreciprocal magnetoelectronic electromagnons gives rise to longitudinal and transverse modulations in charge carrier density, spin density, and magnetic moment, demonstrated using the Hall effect and edge dependent magnetoresistance measurements, which can also be called inhomogeneous magnetoelectronic multiferroic effect. These quasiparticle excitations are analogous to photons where time dependent polarization and temporal magnetic moment replace electric and magnetic field, respectively, and most likely topological because they manifest topological Nernst effect. Hence, the magnetoelectronic electromagnon can potentially give rise to quantum interference and entanglement effects in conducting solid state systems at room temperature in addition to efficient spin transport.

Original languageEnglish
Article number165305
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number16
StatePublished - 15 Apr 2023
Externally publishedYes

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