TY - JOUR

T1 - Everlasting effect of initial conditions on single-file diffusion

AU - Leibovich, N.

AU - Barkai, E.

PY - 2013/9/4

Y1 - 2013/9/4

N2 - We study the dynamics of a tagged particle in an environment of point Brownian particles with hard-core interactions in an infinite one-dimensional channel (a single-file model). In particular, we examine the influence of initial conditions on the dynamics of the tagged particle. We compare two initial conditions: equal distances between particles and uniform density distribution. The effect is shown by the differences of mean-square-displacement and correlation function for the two ensembles of initial conditions. We discuss the violation of Einstein relation, and its dependence on the initial condition, and the difference between time and ensemble averaging. More specifically, using the Jepsen line, we will discuss how transport coefficients, like diffusivity, depend on the initial state. Our work shows that initial conditions determine the long time limit of the dynamics, and in this sense the system never forgets its initial state in complete contrast with thermal systems (i.e., a closed system that attains equilibrium independent of the initial state).

AB - We study the dynamics of a tagged particle in an environment of point Brownian particles with hard-core interactions in an infinite one-dimensional channel (a single-file model). In particular, we examine the influence of initial conditions on the dynamics of the tagged particle. We compare two initial conditions: equal distances between particles and uniform density distribution. The effect is shown by the differences of mean-square-displacement and correlation function for the two ensembles of initial conditions. We discuss the violation of Einstein relation, and its dependence on the initial condition, and the difference between time and ensemble averaging. More specifically, using the Jepsen line, we will discuss how transport coefficients, like diffusivity, depend on the initial state. Our work shows that initial conditions determine the long time limit of the dynamics, and in this sense the system never forgets its initial state in complete contrast with thermal systems (i.e., a closed system that attains equilibrium independent of the initial state).

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84885150200&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevE.88.032107

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevE.88.032107

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C2 - 24125214

AN - SCOPUS:84885150200

SN - 1539-3755

VL - 88

SP - 032107

JO - Physical Review E

JF - Physical Review E

IS - 3

M1 - 032107

ER -