Everlasting effect of initial conditions on single-file diffusion

N. Leibovich, E. Barkai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


We study the dynamics of a tagged particle in an environment of point Brownian particles with hard-core interactions in an infinite one-dimensional channel (a single-file model). In particular, we examine the influence of initial conditions on the dynamics of the tagged particle. We compare two initial conditions: equal distances between particles and uniform density distribution. The effect is shown by the differences of mean-square-displacement and correlation function for the two ensembles of initial conditions. We discuss the violation of Einstein relation, and its dependence on the initial condition, and the difference between time and ensemble averaging. More specifically, using the Jepsen line, we will discuss how transport coefficients, like diffusivity, depend on the initial state. Our work shows that initial conditions determine the long time limit of the dynamics, and in this sense the system never forgets its initial state in complete contrast with thermal systems (i.e., a closed system that attains equilibrium independent of the initial state).

Original languageEnglish
Article number032107
Pages (from-to)032107
JournalPhysical Review E
Issue number3
StatePublished - 4 Sep 2013


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