Evaluation of multisite performance of SWAT model in the Gomti River Basin, India

Biswajit Das, Sanjay Jain, Surjeet Singh, Praveen Thakur

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33 Scopus citations


The basin was calibrated through monthly discharge for the period (2002–2008) including 2 years as warm-up (2000–2001), after that model was validated on 5 years of hydrometeorological datasets (2009–2013) at two gauge sites located at Neemsar (upstream gauge) and Lucknow (downstream gauge). It is found that the most sensitive parameter for moisture condition II (CN2) was initial curve number. The p-factor and r-factor were obtained in calibration period at Neemsar 0.73 and 0.58 while at Lucknow values are 0.79 and 0.51, whereas in validation period values are 0.61, 0.45 and 1.22, 0.75, respectively. Three statistical parameters have been used to evaluate the SWAT model performance such as Coefficient of Determination (R2), Nash–Sutcliff efficiency (NSE), percent bias (PBIAS). The NSE and R2 values were observed as 0.85, 0.84 and 0.87, 0.86, respectively, in the time of calibration period and values is 0.76, 0.76 and 0.79, 0.83, respectively, in the time of validation period at two above said gauging stations. The PBIAS values during calibration and validation period are − 13.3, − 14.7 and − 4.0, − 15.7, respectively, at the same gauge site which indicates good model performance result.

Original languageEnglish
Article number134
JournalApplied Water Science
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, The Author(s).


  • Gomti river basin
  • SUFI-2 algorithm
  • SWAT model
  • Sensitivity analysis


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