Evaluating platelet function disorders in children with bleeding tendency–A single center study

Osama Tanous, Orna Steinberg Shemer, Joanne Yacobovich, Meira Zoldan, Yoseph Horovitz, Isaac Yaniv, Esther Rabizadeh, Hannah Tamary, Sigal Nakav, Judith Lahav

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Platelet function disorders (PFDs) are a common cause of mild bleeding tendency. However, they cannot be recognized by standard screening studies. The gold standard test for PFD is platelet aggregation, performed by light transmission aggregometry (LTA). A newer and less validated method is the closure time (CT), performed by the platelet function Analyzer 100 (PFA-100). Data regarding the validity of these tests in children are limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of LTA and PFA-100 for the diagnosis of pediatric patients with bleeding tendency. This retrospective study included patients one month–18 year old that had LTA tests performed at the coagulation laboratory of Rabin Medical Center between the years 2006–2015. Bleeding severity was assessed using a pediatric bleeding score. Patients were excluded from analysis if they had thrombocytopenia, thrombocytosis or coagulation factors deficiencies. One hundred and thirty-seven (137) patients were included in the analysis. The median age was 7.5 years (range one month–18 years). Most patients (93%) had a bleeding score of 2 or more. Abnormal LTA was found in 40% and prolonged CT in 23% of the patients. Abnormal LTA was significantly more common in patients with a bleeding score of 2 or more compared to patients with a lower bleeding scores (P = 0.04). No significant correlation was found between the bleeding severity and the number of agonists which induced abnormal responses (p = 0.52) or the CT (p = 0.35). Furthermore, no correlation was found between abnormal LTA and prolonged CT. To conclude, we were able to diagnose 40% of children who presented with bleeding tendency with platelet aggregation defects by LTA. Abnormal LTA was significantly more prevalent in patients with a bleeding score of 2 and above. In contrast, CT was not found to be sensitive as a screening tool for PFD. Therefore, our data extend the validity of the use of LTA for the evaluation of pediatric patients with bleeding tendency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)676-681
Number of pages6
JournalPlatelets
Volume28
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Keywords

  • Bleeding disorders
  • PFA-100
  • closure time
  • light transmission aggregometry
  • pediatrics

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