Evaluating health-related quality of life and emotions in Muslim and Jewish kidney transplant patients

Mahdi Tarabeih, Ya'Arit Bokek-Cohen, Pazit Azuri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The scholarship on the impact of the source of the donated kidney (living donor (LD) or deceased donor) and the ethnoreligious background on the quality of life post-transplantation have received little scientific attention. The purpose of the present research is to evaluate health-related quality of life and psychological feelings among kidney transplant (KT) recipients. Objective: To compare the health related quality of life and psychological feelings between kidney transplant (KT) recipients who received a graft from a living versus a deceased donor, and between Muslim and Jewish patients. Methods: Two hundred and sixty-two renal recipients completed the health-related quality of life (HRQOL; World Health Organization Quality of Life Brief Version (WHOQOL-BREF)) questionnaire and answered the Transplant Effects Questionnaire assessing their post-transplantation emotional and psychological responses. Results: KT recipients reported medium levels of physical, psychological, social and environmental dimensions of HRQOL. Muslim recipients reported significantly higher levels of physical, psychological and social dimensions of HRQOL than Jews. Recipients of kidneys from LD reported higher levels of HRQOL and reported significantly higher levels of guilt and responsibility to be healthy. Conclusions: Our findings indicate that receiving a graft from an LD contributes to the HRQOL in the physical, psychological and environmental dimensions. Hence, donations from LD should be encouraged, by investing efforts in promoting public awareness of the importance of donating kidneys by LDs. Muslim KT recipients enjoy better physical, social and psychological HRQOL; this difference can be explained by the supportive and embracing familial and social networks characterizing traditional Arab communities. Post-transplantation support programs should be designed in order to provide further support and improve emotional and psychological responses to postoperative reality.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbermzab096
JournalInternational Journal for Quality in Health Care
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Jul 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of International Society for Quality in Health Care. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Jews
  • Kidney transplantation
  • Muslims
  • quality of life
  • transplant effects questionnaire

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