Estimation-based missile threat detection and evasion maneuver for a low-altitude aircraft

Zijiao Tian, Meir Danino, Yaakov Bar-Shalom, Benny Milgrom

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

This paper considers an evasion maneuver for low-altitude aircraft (A/C) in the presence of the threat of a guided missile. The missile has boost and sustain phases and its trajectory is estimated by a 7-D motion parameter vector. The maximum likelihood estimator is used to estimate the missile motion parameters based on angle measurements from an A/C-borne passive sensor. Based on the estimated closest point of approach distance between the missile and the aircraft, a warning alert is then given to execute an evasion maneuver. The aircraft can bank away from the missile by a turning maneuver in the horizontal plane. Simulation shows that the aircraft can evade the missile by using the turning maneuver. The survivability probability of the aircraft is evaluated and it can be enhanced by an early maneuver start time and a large acceleration during the maneuver.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSignal Processing, Sensor/Information Fusion, and Target Recognition XXXII
EditorsIvan Kadar, Erik P. Blasch, Lynne L. Grewe
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510662100
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023
EventSignal Processing, Sensor/Information Fusion, and Target Recognition XXXII 2023 - Orlando, United States
Duration: 1 May 20233 May 2023

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume12547
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

ConferenceSignal Processing, Sensor/Information Fusion, and Target Recognition XXXII 2023
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityOrlando
Period1/05/233/05/23

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 SPIE.

Keywords

  • collision avoidance
  • guided missile
  • survivability probability
  • threat detection

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