ESCAPES: evacuation simulation with children, authorities, parents, emotions, and social comparison

J Tsai, N Fridman, E Bowring, M Brown, S Epstein, G Kaminka, S Marsella, A Ogden, I Rika, A Sheel, M.E Taylor

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


In creating an evacuation simulation for training and planning, realistic agents that reproduce known phenomenon are required. Evacuation simulation in the airport domain requires additional features beyond most simulations, including the unique behaviors of first-time visitors who have incomplete knowledge of the area and families that do not necessarily adhere to often-assumed pedestrian behaviors. Evacuation simulations not customized for the airport domain do not incorporate the factors important to it, leading to inaccuracies when applied to it. In this paper, we describe ESCAPES, a multiagent evacuation simulation tool that incorporates four key features: (i) different agent types; (ii) emotional interactions; (iii) informational interactions; (iv) behavioral interactions. Our simulator reproduces phenomena observed in existing studies on evacuation scenarios and the features we incorporate substantially impact escape time. We use ESCAPES to model the International Terminal at Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) and receive high praise from security officials.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe 10th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems
PublisherInternational Foundation for Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems
Number of pages8
StatePublished - 2011

Bibliographical note

Place of conference:Taiwan


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