Epipalaeolithic (19,000 BP) cereal and fruit diet at Ohalo II, Sea of Galilee, Israel

M. E. Kislev, D. Nadel, I. Carmi

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    196 Scopus citations


    Charred plant remains, 19,000 years old, were uncovered at Ohalo II on the shore of the Sea of Galilee, Israel. The wild barley and other edible grasses and fruits found suggest, by their ripening seasons, that the site was occupied at least during spring and autumn. The species found provide insights into the subsistence strategy of the earliest known hunter-gatherer community of the Levantine Epipaleolithic period. In addition, the remains of barley rachis nodes provide new evidence distinguishing between domesticated and wild types in ancient archaeobotanical material.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)161-166
    Number of pages6
    JournalReview of Palaeobotany and Palynology
    Issue number1-4
    StatePublished - 30 Sep 1992

    Bibliographical note

    Funding Information:
    Field work and preliminary analysis were supported by the Israel Antiquities Authority, the Irene Levi Sala CARE Archaeological Foundation and the L.S.B. Leaky Foundation. The authors are grateful to Dr. A. Belfer-Cohen and E. Hovers, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Dr. A. Gopher, Tel-Aviv University, Dr. M. Hopf, Mainz, Germany, and Dr. G.C. Hillman, The Institute of Archaeology, London, for their critical reading of the manuscript and their valuable remarks; to M. Marmorshtein and E. Silber for their technical assistance; and to Y. Langsam and T. Ankar for preparing the micrographs.


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