Epigenetic-Mediated Regulation of Gene Expression for Biological Control and Cancer: Cell and Tissue Structure, Function, and Phenotype

Andrew J. Fritz, Mohammed El Dika, Rabail H. Toor, Princess D. Rodriguez, Stephen J. Foley, Rahim Ullah, Daijing Nie, Bodhisattwa Banerjee, Dorcas Lohese, Kirsten M. Tracy, Karen C. Glass, Seth Frietze, Prachi N. Ghule, Jessica L. Heath, Anthony N. Imbalzano, Andre van Wijnen, Jonathan Gordon, Jane B. Lian, Janet L. Stein, Gary S. Stein

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Epigenetic gene regulatory mechanisms play a central role in the biological control of cell and tissue structure, function, and phenotype. Identification of epigenetic dysregulation in cancer provides mechanistic into tumor initiation and progression and may prove valuable for a variety of clinical applications. We present an overview of epigenetically driven mechanisms that are obligatory for physiological regulation and parameters of epigenetic control that are modified in tumor cells. The interrelationship between nuclear structure and function is not mutually exclusive but synergistic. We explore concepts influencing the maintenance of chromatin structures, including phase separation, recognition signals, factors that mediate enhancer-promoter looping, and insulation and how these are altered during the cell cycle and in cancer. Understanding how these processes are altered in cancer provides a potential for advancing capabilities for the diagnosis and identification of novel therapeutic targets.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResults and Problems in Cell Differentiation
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Pages339-373
Number of pages35
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameResults and Problems in Cell Differentiation
Volume70
ISSN (Print)0080-1844
ISSN (Electronic)1861-0412

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

Keywords

  • Cell cycle control
  • Chromatin
  • Epigenetic control
  • Histones
  • Mitotic gene bookmarking
  • Noncoding RNAs
  • Nuclear structure
  • Nucleosomes
  • Spatial transcriptomics
  • Transcription
  • Tumor suppression

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Epigenetic-Mediated Regulation of Gene Expression for Biological Control and Cancer: Cell and Tissue Structure, Function, and Phenotype'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this