Enhancement of Structural, Electrochemical, and Thermal Properties of Ni-Rich LiNi0.85Co0.1Mn0.05O2 Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries by Al and Ti Doping

Yehonatan Levartovsky, Xiaohan Wu, Christoph Erk, Sandipan Maiti, Judith Grinblat, Michael Talianker, Doron Aurbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ni-rich layered oxides LiNi1-x-yCoxMnyO2 (1−x−y>0.5) are promising cathode materials for the new generation of Li-ion batteries suitable for electro-mobility due to their high energy density, good rate capability, and relatively low cost. However, their main drawback is poor cycling performance, particularly at elevated temperatures. In this research, it is demonstrated how doping with Al and Ti, using straightforward solid-state mixing synthesis, can dramatically enhance the structural, electrochemical, and thermal properties of LiNi0.85Co0.1Mn0.05O2 (NCM85). The capacity retention of Al-doped and Ti-doped cathodes after 100 cycles at 100 % DOD at 1 C and 45 °C using standard electrolyte solutions could reach nearly 99 % and 78 %, respectively, while the capacity retention of the undoped material was less than 74 % in similar experiments. Doping with Al and Ti facilitates the Li intercalation processes and reduces voltage hysteresis. Structural study of the cycled cathodes shows that doping with Al, and to a smaller extent with Ti, reduces the formation of cracks in the particles of the cathode materials upon cycling, consequently reducing degradation. Thermal studies show that doping with Al or Ti improves the thermal stability of these cathode materials. Highly interesting is the correlation between the morphology and thermal stability, impedance properties and the electrochemical characteristics as a function of doping.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-231
Number of pages11
JournalBatteries and Supercaps
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Wiley-VCH GmbH

Keywords

  • Al doping
  • Li-ion batteries
  • LiNiCoMnO
  • Ni-rich cathode materials
  • Ti doping

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