Enhanced frequency conversion of nonadiabatic pulses in a double Λ system driven by two pumps with and without carrier beams

A. Eilam, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, H. Friedmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

We show that nonadiabatic, resonant amplitude- and phase-modulated pulses can be frequency converted with greater efficiency than adiabatic resonant pulses in a double Λ system, interacting with two strong cw beams on one side of the system, and a weak pulsed probe on the other. Indeed, in this double EIT (electromagnetically induced transparency) configuration, conversion efficiencies close to unity, similar to those achieved using highly detuned pulses, can be obtained using highly nonadiabatic resonant pulses. The distance at which the maximum conversion occurs is shorter than in a coherently-prepared Λ system. This counteracts the increased absorption that occurs in the double EIT configuration, so that both produce similar conversion efficiencies. The absorption experienced by matched nonadiabatic pulses in the double EIT system, at all propagation distances, can be overcome by superimposing the nonadiabatic pulses as amplitude modulations on carrier fields. Thus we demonstrate the formation of adiabatons in the double EIT system, and of diabatons in both the coherently-prepared Λ system and the double EIT system. Both the diabatons and adiabatons satisfy pulse-matching conditions. In addition, the asymptotic amplitude of the complementary amplitude modulations is proportional to the ratio of the pump to probe carrier Rabi frequencies, and is the same in each of the configurations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)186-195
Number of pages10
JournalOptics Communications
Volume277
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2007

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