Energy mechanism of charges analyzed in real current environment

Reuven Ianconescu, L. P. Horwitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


We analyze in this work the energy transfer process of accelerated charges, the mass fluctuations accompanying this process, and their inertial properties. Based on a previous work, we use here the dipole antenna, which is a very convenient framework for such analysis, for analyzing those characteristics. We show that the radiation process can be viewed by two energy transfer processes: one from the energy source to the charges and the second from the charges into the surrounding space. Those processes, not being in phase, result in mass fluctuations. The same principle is true during absorption. We show that in a transient period between absorption and radiation the dipole antenna gains mass according to the amount of absorbed energy and loses this mass as radiated energy. We rigorously prove that the gain of mass, resulting from electrical interaction has inertial properties in the sense of Newton's third low. We arrive to this result by modeling the reacting spacetime region by an electric dipole.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-244
Number of pages20
JournalFoundations of Physics Letters
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Antenna theory
  • Charges
  • Energy transfer
  • Off-mass shell response
  • Radiation resistance
  • Self force


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