Empowerment and community participation: Does gender make a difference

H. Itzhaky, A. York

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The study discussed in this article examines the effects of client participation on empowerment, with special emphasis on gender. A group of community activists in a low-income neighborhood in central Israel was assessed by community participation on three scales and their perceived empowerment on two scales. The findings suggest different relationships between types of participation and empowerment by gender. Gender did not have a significant main effect on empowerment, and its effects only became evident when it interacted with participation. This article discusses the nature of empowerment and its measurement and analyzes the connection between participation and empowerment. Because male and female respondents appeared to reach empowerment in different ways, the implications for workers in the helping professions are examined.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)225-234
JournalSocial Work Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2000


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