Electronic Excitation and π-Electron Interaction in Borazine

John P. Doering, Aharon Gedanken, A. P. Hitchcock, P. Fischer, John Moore, J. K. Olthoff, J. Tossell, Krishnan Raghavachari, M. B. Robin

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: The extent of π-electron interaction in borazine has been investigated by comparing its spectral properties with those of a typical unsaturated molecule, benzene, and benzene's saturated counterpart, cyclohexane. The valence-shell electron energy loss spectrum of borazine is analyzed to reveal the pattern of valence and Rydberg excitations, which is characteristic of a multicenter π-electron chromophore. Though the electronic manifolds of borazine and benzene share a common pattern of Rydberg and valence excitations, the electronic states of borazine do not stand necessarily in a one-to-one relationship with those of benzene. Nonetheless, the magnetic circular dichroism spectra do show that the 7.6-eV band of borazine is closely related to that at 7.0 eV in benzene, both involving doubly degenerate π-electron excitations. In support of the description of borazine as an unsaturated π-electron system, the B Is and N Is inner-shell energy loss spectra of borazine are shown to far more closely resemble the C 1s spectrum of benzene than that of cyclohexane. The benzene-like splitting of the π* mos of borazine deduced from the inner-shell spectra is abundantly confirmed by the comparisons of the electron transmission spectrum of borazine with those of benzene and cyclohexane. It is concluded that borazine has a planar D3h structure and a delocalized 7r-electron system much like that of benzene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3602-3608
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number13
StatePublished - 1986


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