Electrochemically enhanced peroxidase-like activity of nanohybrids for rapid and sensitive detection of H2O2 and Dopamine

Masoomeh Sherazee, Syed Rahin Ahmed, Poushali Das, Seshasai Srinivasan, Amin Reza Rajabzadeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Longer detection times and low sensitivities are the two main drawbacks of applying colorimetric detection methods in field applications where rapid and sensitive detection is required. A discovery of the enhancement of nanozymatic activity via electrochemical means which significantly reduces the analyte detection time and enables ultra-low detection levels has been reported in this paper. A novel, simple and facile approach for the synthesis of carbon quantum dot-gold nanoparticles (CQD-AuNPs) has been developed. The CQD-AuNPs showcased catalytic activity through the oxidation of 3,3′,5,5′-Tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and followed the characteristic Michaelis-Menten equation. Surprisingly, the catalytic activity of CQD-AuNPs nanohybrids enhanced considerably while the reaction was completed under an electrochemical process and assisted the detection of H2O2 and Dopamine (DA) with a limit of detection (LOD) value of 240 nM, and 0.75 μM, respectively. Most importantly, the detection time decreased by 60-fold compared to conventional nanozymatic reactions. The work covered in this paper provides a novel approach to develop the nanocomposite and a new detection technique that can be utilized across various fields of science and engineering to improve and exploit enzymatically dependent reactions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number132576
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Volume679
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Dec 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier B.V.

Funding

The authors would like to acknowledge the support from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada in the form of Discovery Grants to ARR and SS ( RGPIN-2019-07246 and RGPIN-2022-04988 ).

FundersFunder number
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of CanadaRGPIN-2019-07246, RGPIN-2022-04988

    Keywords

    • Carbon quantum dots
    • Colorimetric assay
    • Dopamine
    • Electrochemical
    • Gold nanoparticles
    • HO
    • Nanozyme

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