Electrochemical performance of transition metal based CoB2O4 (B = Co and Fe) oxides as an electrode material for energy storage devices

Megha Goyal, Sahil Verma, Jaideep Malik, Prakash Giri, Rajesh Kumar, Anurag Gaur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Improvement in the specific capacity of the spinel structures (AxB3−xO4) plays a vital role for creating energy storage devices with excellent electrochemical performance. Here, we synthesized spinel structured CoB2O4 (B = Co, Fe) electrode materials using a simple hydrothermal method. The X-ray Diffraction (XRD) analysis confirms the phase purity and crystallinity of the synthesized materials while morphology, surface area, pore radius, oxidation states and chemical bonding is confirmed by Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) techniques. Williamson-Hall (W-H) plots and Rietveld refinement are used to find the average crystallite size, strain, and lattice parameter of Co3O4 and CoFe2O4 compounds. The CV analysis confirms a high specific capacity of 1039 F g−1 (415 C g−1) for Co3O4 as compared to 527 F g−1 (169 C g−1) for CoFe2O4 at 2 mV s−1. The dominance of the diffusion process (b = 0.59) and quantitative separation of faradaic and capacitive contribution at different scan rates are calculated for the Co3O4 sample. The Galvanic Charge-Discharge (GCD) analysis confirms a specific capacity of 663 F g−1 (265 C g−1) for Co3O4, which is almost 1.2 times higher than to CoFe2O4. The 86% capacity retention over 5000 GCD cycles and small value of charge transfer resistance (Rct = 45 Ω) for Co3O4 confirm its superiority and potential to be used as a positive electrode material for practical energy storage devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10671-10681
Number of pages11
JournalNew Journal of Chemistry
Issue number22
StatePublished - 30 Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Royal Society of Chemistry.


Megha Goyal and Sahil Verma thanks the Ministry of Human Resources and Development (MHRD) for providing research fellowships. The authors are also thankful to the Institute Instrumentation Centre (IIC) of IIT Roorkee. Jaideep Malik is thankful to the University Grants Commission (UGC) for providing research fellowships. Prakash Giri thanks the Department of Automobile and Mechanical Engineering, Tribhuvan University for providing the required characterization facilities.

FundersFunder number
University Grants Commission
Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee
Ministry of Education, India


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