Electrochemical behavior of nickel oxide nanoelectrocatalyst in diverse electrolytic environments and its application as an effective electrode for supercapacitors

Manisha Chauhan, Ajay S. Bangwal, Konstantin Borodianskiy, Kamana K. Mishra, Prabhakar Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Electrochemical investigations demonstrate that the nickel oxide (NiO) thin films exhibit superior oxygen reduction reaction activity across various electrolyte media. To produce nanostructured NiO, a sol-gel method was employed, followed by thin film fabrication through spin coating with varying numbers of depositions. The film's structure and morphology were confirmed by XRD and SEM, respectively, while AFM confirmed the deposition of a thin film with an appropriate thickness on the substrate. The electrochemical performance of the electrode was evaluated using cyclic voltammetry, revealing that a specific number of deposited NiO thin films exhibit superior performance compared to others. The superior electrocatalytic activity of nickel oxide is correlated with the various steps involved during the charge transfer in the OER mechanism. Optimization of the operating pH of the proposed electrodes was also carried out in this study. Additionally, these electrodes demonstrated a higher specific energy of 15.5 Wh kg−1 at a specific power of 151 W kg−1 proving their suitability as an electrode material for supercapacitors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number143496
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume473
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2024
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd

Funding

Authors Manisha Chauhan ( IF170554 ) and Ajay S. Bangwal ( IF160958 ) express their gratitude to DST for providing the INSPIRE Fellowship. The authors are also grateful for the support received from the UPCST through the sponsored project ( CST-D/2273 ). In addition, the authors would like to acknowledge the valuable suggestions provided by Dr. Priyanka A. Jha, Dr. Pardeep K. Jha, Dr. Yuliy Yuferov, and the necessary assistance provided by Dr. Viktor Danchuk in enhancing the quality of this work.

FundersFunder number
UPCSTCST-D/2273
Department of Science and Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology, India

    Keywords

    • Catalysis
    • Energy application
    • Nanomaterial
    • NiO

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