Elaboration on the association between trauma, PTSD and posttraumatic growth: The role of trait resilience

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Abstract

Research divides and reports negative associations between negative (pathogenic; e.g., posttraumatic stress disorder; PTSD) and positive (salutogenic; e.g., posttraumatic growth, resilience) psychological responses to trauma. This study elaborates prior research by casting resilience as a trait rather than state. Participants with varied exposure levels (n=500) completed measures of resilience, trauma history, PTSD, and posttraumatic growth. Results of structural equation modeling with LISREL showed that trauma increased PTSD and growth levels, whereas resilience was associated positively with growth and negatively with PTSD. It is concluded that salutogenic and pathological responses to trauma show differential associations with trait resilience.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)782-787
Number of pages6
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume52
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2012

Keywords

  • PTSD
  • Posttraumatic growth
  • Resilience
  • Salutogenesis
  • Trauma

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