Effects of variations in toy presentation on social behaviour of infants and toddlers in childcare

Cilly Shohet, Pnina S. Klein

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Scopus citations


    The objective of this study was to examine the effects of variations in presentation of play materials on social behaviour of 18- to 30-month-old children. The study group included 102 children attending infant and toddler classes in 14 public childcare centres in Israel. Play materials were presented to the children either in a suggestive manner (as part of a scenario suggesting a context for play) or a random manner (without any planned organisation). Social behaviour of the two age groups was differentially affected by the manner in which play materials were presented. Toddlers showed a decline in aggressive behaviour following the suggestive presentation, whereas infants showed an increase in aggressive behaviour. Clinical implications of the current study include the possibility of using physical environmental variables as means for affecting children's experiences in childcare.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)823-834
    Number of pages12
    JournalEarly Child Development and Care
    Issue number6
    StatePublished - Jul 2010

    Bibliographical note

    Funding Information:
    The authors would like to thank the Harris Foundation and the Machado Chair for Cognitive Modifiability for supporting this study.


    • Child play
    • Childcare
    • Infants and toddlers
    • Physical environment
    • Social behaviour
    • Toy presentation


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