Effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on Visual Neuroplasticity in Schizophrenia

Carol Jahshan, Jonathan K. Wynn, Brian J. Roach, Daniel H. Mathalon, Michael F. Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

People with schizophrenia (SZ) exhibit visual processing abnormalities that affect their daily functioning and remediating these deficits might help to improve functioning. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a potential tool for perceptual enhancement for this purpose, though there are no reports of tDCS applied to visual cortex in SZ. In a within-subject, crossover design, we evaluated the effects of tDCS on visual processing in 27 SZ. All patients received anodal, cathodal, or sham stimulation over the central occipital region in 3 visits separated by 1 week. In each visit, a backward masking task and an electroencephalography measure of visual neuroplasticity were administered after tDCS. Neuroplasticity was assessed with visual evoked potentials before and after tetanizing visual high-frequency stimulation. Masking performance was significantly poorer in the anodal and cathodal conditions compared with sham. Both anodal and cathodal stimulation increased the amplitude of P1 but did not change the plasticity index. We found significant plasticity effects of tDCS for only one waveform for one stimulation condition (P2 for anodal tDCS) which did not survive correction for multiple comparisons. The reason for the lack of tDCS stimulation effects on plasticity may be because tDCS was not delivered simultaneously with the tetanizing visual stimulus. The present findings emphasize the need for more research on the relevant parameters for stimulation of visual processing regions in clinical populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)382-389
Number of pages8
JournalClinical EEG and Neuroscience
Volume51
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ECNS) 2020.

Funding

The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This study was supported by a Young Investigator grant from the Brain and Behavior Research Foundation (PI: C. Jahshan), NIMH grant MH110470 (PI: M.F. Green), and in part by the VISN 22 Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center (Director: S.R. Marder), and the Research Enhancement Award Program on Enhancing Community Integration for Homeless Veterans (Director: M.F. Green). The contents do not represent the views of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs or the United States Government.

FundersFunder number
National Institute of Mental HealthMH110470
NIH Clinical Center
Brain and Behavior Research Foundation

    Keywords

    • EEG
    • LTP
    • schizophrenia
    • tDCS
    • visual plasticity

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on Visual Neuroplasticity in Schizophrenia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this