Effects of oral L-arginine on endothelium-dependent vasodilation and markers of inflammation in healthy postmenopausal women

Arnon Blum, Londa Hathaway, Rita Mincemoyer, William H. Schenke, Martha Kirby, Gyorgy Csako, Myron A. Waclawiw, Julio A. Panza, Richard O. Cannon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: We examined whether oral administration of L-arginine, the substrate for nitric oxide (NO) synthesis, increases NO bioactivity in healthy postmenopausal women. BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide may protect arteries against atherosclerosis, as suggested by experimental studies in animals. Estrogen therapy, which has been shown to increase NO bioactivity in the vasculature of healthy postmenopausal women, is not acceptable for long-term use by many women. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind, crossover study, 10 postmenopausal women without additional risk factors for atherosclerosis received L-arginine 9 g or placebo daily for one month, with treatment periods separated by one month. Nitric oxide levels in serum (as an index of endothelial NO release), brachial artery endothelium-dependent dilator responses to hyperemia by ultrasonography (as an index of vascular NO bioactivity) and markers of inflammation in blood that are inhibited by NO in cell culture experiments were measured at the end of each treatment period. RESULTS: L-arginine levels in plasma were increased in all women during L- arginine treatment compared with placebo (136.8 ± 63.1 vs. 75.2 ± 16.2 μmol/liter, p = 0.009). However, there was no change in serum nitrogen oxide levels (42.1 ± 24.5 vs. 39.1 ± 16.6 μmol/liter, p = 0.61), nor was there an effect of L-arginine on flow-mediated dilation during hyperemia (3.8 ± 3.0% vs. 4.9 ± 4.8%, p = 0.53) compared with placebo. Our study had sufficient power (β = 0.80) to detect a true absolute treatment difference in flow-mediated brachial artery dilation of 1.7% or larger as statistically significant at alpha = 0.05. There was no effect of L-arginine on serum levels of soluble cell adhesion molecules compared with placebo: E-selectin (50.6 ± 14.8 vs. 52.1 ± 17.0 ng/ml, p = 0.45), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (230 ± 51 vs. 230 ± 52 ng/ml, p = 0.97) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (456 ± 62 vs. 469 ± 91 ng/ml, p = 0.53). CONCLUSIONS: Oral administration of L-arginine may not augment endothelial NO synthesis and release in postmenopausal women and is thus unlikely to be of general benefit to healthy postmenopausal women in protection from the development of atherosclerosis. (C) 2000 by the American College of Cardiology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-276
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2000
Externally publishedYes

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