Effect of Soil Aggregate Size on Vineyard Bacterial Communities under Organic and Conventional Agro-Managements

Yosef Steinberger, Tirza Doniger, Chen Sherman, Itaii Applebaum, Gil Eshel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Soil microorganisms are an indispensable component of natural ecosystems and play an important role in agro-management ecosystems. However, the function of soil microbial communities is still a black box. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of organic and conventional agro-management practices in a vineyard on the soil’s bacterial community and its composition in three different soil aggregate sizes using functional profiles derived using 16S rDNA metagenomics analysis for elucidating the metabolic capabilities of soil microbial communities. Soil samples were compared in terms of community composition and functionality. A clear distinction was found between the two managements. The soil samples contained 12 phyla and 45 orders, where Proteobacteria was the most common phylum in all treatments. Twenty-three functional profiles were obtained for both treatments and three aggregate sizes, showing similarity in their function, suggesting that functionality is due to the community’s composition and environmental conditions. The results indicate that organic farming systems have a beneficial effect on microbial diversity and encourage ecosystem multifunctionality.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1517
JournalLand
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors.

Keywords

  • organic agriculture
  • soil aggregates
  • soil bacteria

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