Effect of Mg doping on Cu2O thin films and their behavior on the TiO2/Cu2O heterojunction solar cells

Kasra Kardarian, Daniela Nunes, Paolo Maria Sberna, Adam Ginsburg, David A. Keller, Joana Vaz Pinto, Jonas Deuermeier, Assaf Y. Anderson, Arie Zaban, Rodrigo Martins, Elvira Fortunato

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65 Scopus citations


The present work shows the effect of magnesium doping on structural, optoelectrical and electrical properties of Cu2O thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis. The variation in the concentration of Mg shows significant impact on the final thin film properties, whereas the film doped with 0.5 at% of Mg exhibited major property improvements in comparison with the undoped thin film and among the other concentrations tested. This condition was further applied for the deposition of an absorber layer in a heterojunction solar cell array with a gradient in thicknesses of active layers to investigate the impact of changing thicknesses on the PV parameters of the solar cell. TiO2 was used as a window layer and the 0.5 at% Cu2O doped film as an absorber layer. The produced heterojunction solar cell array was further exposed to a rapid thermal annealing treatment. The I-V measurements show an open circuit voltage of up to 365 mV and a short circuit current density, which is dependent on absorber layer thickness, and reaches to a maximum value of 0.9 mA/cm2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-36
Number of pages10
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is funded by European Comission funds through FP7 program Novel Composite Oxides by Combinatorial Material Synthesis for Next Generation All-Oxide-Photovoltaics number 309018 and partially supported by FEDER funds through the COMPETE 2020 Programme and National Funds throught FCT − Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology under the project UID/CTM/50025/2013.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


  • Cuprous oxide
  • Heterojunction
  • Magnesium doping
  • Metal oxide semiconductors
  • Photoconductivity
  • Solar cells


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