BACKGROUND: Hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO) has been considered for many years for the treatment of severe brain ischemia. However, its efficacy has not been proven. The aim of this study was to shed light on this question. METHODS: Acute global cerebral ischemia was induced in 18 rats using the four-vessel occlusion model. Regional cerebral blood flow (CBF) was determined by laser-Doppler flowmetry using a flexible 1 mm fiberoptic probe. Two stainless steel screws were used to measure the spontaneous electrical activity from the contralateral hemisphere. After ischemia monitored by laser-Doppler flowmetry and ECoG, the animals were divided into two groups: (1) control animals that breathed air at atmospheric pressure and (2) rats exposed to HBO at three atmospheres absolute pressure (ATA) for 1 hour. Survival time and rate were recorded for both groups of animals for 14 days. RESULTS: The survival rate in the study group was significantly higher (45%) than in the control group (0%). In the animals that did not survive the 14- day period, those exposed to HBO survived longer than the control animals (59.8 ± 9.1 hour versus 17.9 ± 2.7 hours, p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: This investigation demonstrates that HBO administered after global cerebral ischemia can increase survival in a rat stroke model.
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Apr 1998|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a grant from the Israel Science Foundation administrated by the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities. The authors thank Dr. E. Guggenheimer-Furman for helpful suggestions and corrections of the manuscript.
- Brain ischemia
- Hyperbaric oxygen
- Protective effect