Effect of field tilting on the dynamics of vortices pinned by correlated disorder

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Low-temperature dynamics of flux lines in high-temperature type-II superconductors in the presence of correlated disorder in the form of columnar defects is discussed. The effect of tilting the applied magnetic field with respect to the columnșs directions is considered, using the non-Hermitian quantum mechanics technique used by Hatano and Nelson [N. Hatano and D. R. Nelson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 570 (1996)]. It is shown that the critical current, as well as the vortex transport properties below this current, may be determined by "surface excitations," i.e., by the roughness of the flux line near the edges of the sample, which dominated the bulk jumps. Phase-space considerations determine the critical thickness of the sample, below which the tilt-induced surface transport exceeds the bulk mechanism. This critical length, which depends on the tilt angle as well as the directions of the perpendicular field and the supercurrent, diverge at the delocalization transition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)R3382-R3385
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes


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