Effect of Distortions on the Geometric and Electronic Structures of One-Electron Oxidized Vanadium(IV), Copper(II), and Cobalt(II)/(III) Salen Complexes

Hussein Kanso, Ryan M. Clarke, Amélie Kochem, Himanshu Arora, Christian Philouze, Olivier Jarjayes, Tim Storr, Fabrice Thomas

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Abstract

The ligands N,N′-bis(3-tert-butyl-5-methoxysalicylidene)-1,2-ethanediamine and N,N′-bis(3-tert-butyl-5-methoxysalicylidene)-1,3-propanediamine were chelated to V(IV)• O (1, 2), Cu(II) (3, 4), Co(II) (5), and Co(III) (6). The X-ray crystal structures of 1-6 were solved. The vanadium center in 1-2 resides in square pyramidal geometry, with an axially bound oxo ligand, whereas the metal ion displays a tetrahedrally distorted square planar geometry in 3-5. The extent of distortion is correlated to the length of the diamine spacer: The longer the linker, the larger the tetrahedral distortions. Complex 6 is octahedral with a bidentate acetate molecule that completes the coordination sphere. All the complexes were characterized by UV-vis and EPR spectroscopies, as well as DFT calculations and electrochemistry. Complexes 1-6 exhibit a reversible one-electron oxidation wave in the range-0.11-0.26 V vs Fc+/Fc. The cations 1+ and 2+ were structurally characterized, showing an octahedral V(V) ion with one oxo and one water molecule coordinated in axial positions. Their vis-NIR spectra are dominated by a band at 727 and 815 nm, respectively, which is assigned to a phenolate-to-vanadium(V) charge transfer (CT) transition. The crystal structures of 3+ and 4+ are congruent with Cu(II)-radical species, wherein the metal center remains four-coordinated. Both feature a Class II (Robin-Day classification scale) IVCT transition at around 1200 nm (ϵ > 1 mM cm-1), indicative of partial localization of the radical. The structure of 5+ displays a square pyramidal cobalt ion, where the fifth (axial) coordination is occupied by a water molecule. It displays a NIR feature at 1244 nm and is described as intermediate between high spin Co(III) and Co(II) radical. In the presence of acetate the dimer [(5)2(μ-OAc)]+ forms, which was structurally characterized and shows a blue shift and lowering in intensity of the NIR absorption band in comparison to 5+. Complex 6+ is a genuine Co(III) radical complex, wherein the phenoxyl moiety is localized on one side of the molecule.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5133-5148
Number of pages16
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume59
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes

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© 2020 American Chemical Society.

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