Objectives: Disuse by bed rest, limb immobilization or space flight causes rapid bone loss. We conducted the present study to investigate the therapeutic effects of zoledronic acid (ZOL), alone and in combination with alfacalcidol (ALF) in a rat model of disuse osteoporosis. Methods: In the present study, 3-month-old male Wistar rats had their right hind-limb immobilized (RHLI) for 10 weeks to induce osteopenia, then were divided into four groups: 1-RHLI positive control; 2-RHLI plus ZOL (50 μg/kg, i.v. single dose); 3-RHLI plus ALF (0.5 μg/kg, oral gauge daily); 4-RHLI plus ALF (0.5 μg/kg, oral gauge daily) plus ZOL (50 μg/kg, i.v. single dose) for another 10 weeks. One group of non-immobilized rats was used as negative control. At the end of the treatment, the femurs were removed and tested for bone porosity, bone mechanical properties, and bone dry and ash weight. Results: Combination therapy with ZOL plus ALF was more effective in decreasing bone porosity than each drug administered as monotherapy in RHLI rats. With respect to impro- vement in the mechanical strength of the femoral mid-shaft, the combination treatment of ZOL plus ALF was more effective than each drug administered as a monotherapy. Moreover, combination therapy using ZOL plus ALF was more effective in improving dry bone and ash weight, than single-drug therapy using ZOL or ALF in RHLI rats. Conclusions: These data suggest that combination therapy with ZOL plus ALF represents a potentially useful therapeutic option for the treatment of disuse osteoporosis.
|Translated title of the contribution||Additive effect of zoledronic acid and alfacalcidol in the treatment of disuse osteoporosis in rats|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia|
|State||Published - 2015|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2014 Elsevier Editora Ltda.
- Disuse osteoporosis
- Rat model
- Zoledronic acid