Early Religious Zionism and Erudition Concerning the Temple and Sacrifices

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Rabbi Zvi Hirsch Kalisher’s messianic innovations asserted the centrality of a renewal of offerings on the altar to the creation of a linear path to redemption. Despite the common convention, his ideas were not disregarded by his peers and followers. In fact, while his ideas did not predetermine the rabbinic discourse, halakhic questions concerning the rebuilding of the Temple and its laws became quite popular and common. Surprisingly, lay figures, as well as several Talmudic scholars, kept this messianic idea alive. Indeed, from the second half of the nineteenth century onwards, such figures published numerous works calling for concrete efforts to rebuild the Temple and renew the offerings. These findings shed light on the renewed religious Zionist interest in this method of reconnecting with God and promoting the final redemption, which is neither new, nor does it deviate from known and publicly articulated ideas.

Original languageEnglish
Article number310
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This research received funding from the State of Israel’s Ministry of Science and Technology. Grant number 3-16511.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the author. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • State of Israel
  • Temple
  • forerunners of Zion
  • modern Jewish philosophy
  • rabbinic literature
  • religious Zionism


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