Early epipaleolithic engraved objects from Ein Qashish South Jezreel Valley, Israel

Alia Yaroshevich, Ofer Bar-Yosef, Elisabeta Boaretto, Noam Greenbaum, Naomi Porat, Yoel Roskin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Recently excavated Ein Qashish South (EQS), a 23000 years old large Early Epipaleolithic base camp in the Jezreel Valley, Israel yielded three engraved limestone palettes. Two of these are engraved on both sides and bear red stains. The engraved motifs include ladders, cross-hatching, chevrons as well as the image of a bird - the first figurative representation found so far in context of Early Epipaleolithic in the Southern Levant. Microscopic analysis indicate that one of the motifs, namely "the ladder" is accumulative in nature and can be interpreted as a notation system, similarly to previously described patterns of the same type found in contexts of Upper Paleolithic in Western Europe as well as in Late Epipaleolithic Natufian - culture associated with transition to agriculture in the Levant.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSuyanggae and Her Neighbours in Haifa, Israel
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 20th (1) Congress June 21-28, 2015
Number of pages1
ISBN (Electronic)9781784915391
ISBN (Print)9781784915384
StatePublished - 13 Feb 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Archaeopress and the authors 2017.


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