Early Adverse Events and Immune Response Following Second and Third COVID-19 Vaccination in Pregnancy

Shlomi Toussia-Cohen, Yoav Yinon, Ravit Peretz-Machluf, Omri Segal, Noam Regev, Keren Asraf, Ram Doolman, Yonatan Kubani, Tal Gonen, Gili Regev-Yochay, Shiran Bookstein Peretz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

(1) Background: The adverse-effect profile and short-term obstetric and neonatal outcomes among pregnant women who were vaccinated with the BNT162b2 vaccine at any stage of pregnancy do not indicate any safety concerns. The vaccine is effective in generating a humoral immune response in pregnant women. (2) Objective: To determine the vaccine-induced immunity and adverse events associated with the third (booster) dose of the BNT162b2 vaccine compared to the first and second dose of the vaccine among pregnant women. (3) Study design: A prospective cohort study in a tertiary referral center comparing pregnant women who were vaccinated by the first and second dose of the BNT162b2 (Pfizer/BioNTech) vaccine to pregnant women vaccinated by a third (booster) dose, between January and November 2021. A digital questionnaire regarding adverse events was filled by both groups 2–4 weeks after vaccination. Blood samples were collected and tested for SARS-COV-2 IgG antibodies 28–32 days after the administration of the second or third BNT162b2 dose. (4) Results: Seventy-eight pregnant women who received the first and second doses of the vaccine were compared to eighty-four pregnant women who received the third dose of the vaccine. In terms of adverse events following vaccination, local rash/pain/swelling (93.6% vs. 72.6%, p < 0.001) was significantly less common after the third vaccination compared to after the second vaccination. Other adverse events, including early obstetric complications, did not differ between the two groups. SARS-CoV-2 IgG serum levels 28–32 days after the vaccination were significantly higher after the third vaccination compared to the second vaccination (1333.75 vs. 2177.93, respectively, p < 0.001). (5) Conclusion: This study confirms the safety regarding early adverse events and immunogenicity, and the lack of early obstetric complications of the BNT162b2 second- and third-dose vaccine in pregnant women. The third (booster) dose is effective in generating a stronger humoral immune response in pregnant women compared with the second dose.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4720
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume11
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - 12 Aug 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors.

Keywords

  • BNT162b2 vaccine
  • COVID-19
  • SARS-CoV-2 IgG serum levels
  • adverse effects
  • pregnancy
  • third (booster) dose

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