Dynamics of cascades in spatial interdependent networks

Bnaya Gross, Ivan Bonamassa, Shlomo Havlin

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2 Scopus citations


The dynamics of cascading failures in spatial interdependent networks significantly depends on the interaction range of dependency couplings between layers. In particular, for an increasing range of dependency couplings, different types of phase transition accompanied by various cascade kinetics can be observed, including mixed-order transition characterized by critical branching phenomena, first-order transition with nucleation cascades, and continuous second-order transition with weak cascades. We also describe the dynamics of cascades at the mutual mixed-order resistive transition in interdependent superconductors and show its similarity to that of percolation of interdependent abstract networks. Finally, we lay out our perspectives for the experimental observation of these phenomena, their phase diagrams, and the underlying kinetics, in the context of physical interdependent networks. Our studies of interdependent networks shed light on the possible mechanisms of three known types of phase transitions, second order, first order, and mixed order as well as predicting a novel fourth type where a microscopic intervention will yield a macroscopic phase transition.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103116
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2023

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