Dye Sensitized Solar Cells: Energetic Considerations and Applications

Brian A. Gregg, Arie Zaban, Suzanne Ferrere

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


The high concentration of electrolyte ions permeating the nanoporous films of dye sensitized solar cells eliminates all but nanoscopic electric fields in the solution and in the TiO2. The only substantial electric field is expected to occur at the Ti2/solution interface, and it is primarily across this interface that the photopotential drops in operating cells. In the dark, the low conductivity of the Ti2 and the high conductivity of the solution ensure that applied potentials drop over only a small fraction of the nanoporous Ti2 film near the substrate electrode. Therefore, measurements in the dark cannot be directly compared to measurements under illumination because the latter access most or all of the Ti2 film. The sensitizing dye is located partially inside the electrochemical double layer at the Ti2/solution interface and so its redox potential is not fixed relative to either the Ti2 or the solution. If the dye is mostly inside the double layer, its potential will tend to follow that of the Ti2 if it is mostly outside, it will be almost independent of the Ti2. Different photovoltage-limiting kinetic steps can result in these two cases. The narrow absorption spectra of many dyes provides the dye cells with a natural advantage over conventional solar cells in applications such as photoelectrochromic windows and power windows.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-22
Number of pages12
JournalZeitschrift fur Physikalische Chemie
Issue numberPart_1
StatePublished - Jan 1999
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Dye Sensitized Solar Cells: Energetic Considerations and Applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this