Dual effect of spermine on acrosomal exocytosis in capacitated bovine spermatozoa

Sara Rubinstein, Yehudit Lax, Yael Shalev, Haim Breitbart

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9 Scopus citations


The influence of spermine on the acrosomal exocytosis of capacitated bovine spermatozoa was studied. Dual effect of spermine was observed, depending on its concentration. It was shown that 10 μ,M spermine stimulated acrosomal exocytosis and prostaglandin F production, whereas higher concentrations of spermine inhibited these processes. Acrosomal exocytosis induced by spermine was inhibited by staurosporine, a specific protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor, indicating that PKC may be involved in this stimulation. Also, acrosomal exocytosis induced by the PKC activator phorbol 12-myristate- l3-acetate was inhibited by 10 mM spermine. Therefore, these data indicate that spermine is involved in signal transduction events leading to exocytosis. We suggest that the concentration-dependent reversal of the stimulatory action of spermine could be explained by the existence of two binding sites for spermine: high affinity sites involved in inducing acrosomal exocytosis by low spermine concentration and low affinity sites mediating inhibition of acrosomal exocytosis by high concentration of spermine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-200
Number of pages5
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1995

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by a grant from the Ihel Foundation to H.B. We thank Avrille Goldreich for language editing and typing this manuscript.


  • BAEE
  • EGF
  • PGF
  • PKA
  • PKC
  • PLC
  • PMA
  • STP
  • bezoylarginine ethyl ester
  • dbcAMP
  • dibutyryl cyclic AMP
  • epidermal growth factor
  • phorbol 12-myristate13-acetate
  • phospholipase C
  • prostaglandin F
  • protein kinase A
  • protein kinase C
  • staurosporin


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