Electrons can migrate via proteins over distances that are considered long for nonconjugated systems. The nanoscale dimensions of proteins and their enormous structural and chemical flexibility makes them fascinating subjects for exploring their electron transport (ETp) capacity. One particularly attractive direction is that of tuning their ETp efficiency by "doping" them with small molecules. Here we report that binding of retinoate (RA) to human serum albumin (HSA) increases the solid-state electronic conductance of a monolayer of the protein by >2 orders of magnitude for RA/HSA ≤ 3. Temperature-dependent ETp measurements show the following with increasing RA/HSA: (a) The temperature-independent current magnitude of the low-temperature (<190 K) regime increases significantly (>300-fold), suggesting a decrease in the distance-decay constant of the process. (b) The activation energy of the thermally activated regime (>190 K) decreases from 220 meV (RA/HSA = 0) to 70 meV (RA/HSA ≤ 3).