Doping engineering: Next step toward room temperature performance of terahertz quantum cascade lasers

Nathalie Lander Gower, Shiran Levy, Silvia Piperno, Sadhvikas J. Addamane, John L. Reno, Asaf Albo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


We hereby offer a comprehensive analysis of various factors that could potentially enable terahertz quantum cascade lasers (THz QCLs) to achieve room temperature performance. We thoroughly examine and integrate the latest findings from recent studies in the field. Our work goes beyond a mere analysis; it represents a nuanced and comprehensive exploration of the intricate factors influencing the performance of THz QCLs. Through a comprehensive and holistic approach, we propose novel insights that significantly contribute to advancing strategies for improving the temperature performance of THz QCLs. This all-encompassing perspective allows us not only to present a synthesis of existing knowledge but also to offer a fresh and nuanced strategy to improve the temperature performance of THz QCLs. We draw new conclusions from prior works, demonstrating that the key to enhancing THz QCL temperature performance involves not only optimizing interface quality but also strategically managing doping density, its spatial distribution, and profile. This is based on our results from different structures, such as two experimentally demonstrated devices: the spit-well resonant-phonon and the two-well injector direct-phonon schemes for THz QCLs, which allow efficient isolation of the laser levels from excited and continuum states. In these schemes, the doping profile has a setback that lessens the overlap of the doped region with the active laser states. Our work stands as a valuable resource for researchers seeking to gain a deeper understanding of the evolving landscape of THz technology. Furthermore, we present a novel strategy for future endeavors, providing an enhanced framework for continued exploration in this dynamic field. This strategy should pave the way to potentially reach higher temperatures than the latest records reached for Tmax of THz QCLs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number010801
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology B
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2024

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