Does the presence of nuclear vacuoles in human sperm selected for ICSI affect pregnancy outcome?

Arie Berkovitz, Fina Eltes, Adrian Ellenbogen, Sigal Peer, Dov Feldberg, Benjamin Bartoov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

169 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: To verify whether or not microinjection of sperm with a normal nuclear shape but large vacuoles affects IVF-ICSI pregnancy outcome. Methods: A comparative study testing IVF outcome parameters of IVF-ICSI, based on morphological selection of spermatozoa with normal nuclei against those based on microinjection of sperm with a normal nuclear shape but large vacuoles. An experimental group, including 28 IVF-ICSI cycles, where only embryos obtained from microinjection of spermatozoa with a normal nuclear shape but large vacuoles were transferred, was matched with a control group, including 28 IVF-ICSI cycles, where only embryos obtained from microinjection of spermatozoa with a strictly defined morphologically normal nuclear shape and content were transferred. The main outcome was IVF-ICSI pregnancy rate. Results: The experimental group exhibited a significantly lower pregnancy rate per cycle and significantly higher abortion rate per pregnancy compared to the control group (18 versus 50%, and 80 versus 7%, respectively, P = 0.01). Conclusion: Microinjection of vacuolated sperm appears to reduce the pregnancy rate and appears to be associated with early abortion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1787-1790
Number of pages4
JournalHuman Reproduction
Volume21
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2006

Keywords

  • IVF pregnancy outcome
  • IVF-ICSI
  • Vacuolated spermatozoa

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