Do inflammatory bowel disease patient preferences from treatment outcomes differ by ethnicity and gender? A cross-sectional observational study

Timna Naftali, Vered Richter, Amir Mari, Tawfik Khoury, Haim Shirin, Efrat Broide

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients’ expectations of treatment outcomes may differ by ethnicity. AIM To investigate treatment preferences of Jewish and Arabs patients. METHODS This prospective survey ranked outcomes treatment preferences among Arab IBD patients, based on the 10 IBD-disk items compared to historical data of Jews. An anonymous questionnaire in either Arabic or Hebrew was distributed among IBD patients. Patients were required to rank 10 statements describing different aspects of IBD according to their importance to the patients as treatment goals. Answers were compared to the answers of a historical group of Jewish patients. RESULTS IBD-disk items of 121 Arabs were compared to 240 Jewish patients. The Jewish patients included more females, [151 (62.9%) vs 52 (43.3%); P < 0.001], higher education level (P = 0.02), more urban residence [188 (78.3%) vs 54 (45.4%); P <0.001], less unemployment [52 (21.7%) vs 41 (33.9%); P = 0.012], higher income level (P < 0.001), and more in a partnership [162 (67.8%) vs 55 (45.4%); P < 0.001]. Expectations regarding disease symptoms: abdominal pain, energy, and regular defecation ranked highest for both groups. Arabs gave significantly lower rankings (range 4.29–6.69) than Jewish patients (range 6.25–9.03) regarding all items, except for body image. Compared to Arab women, Jewish women attached higher priority to abdominal pain, energy, education/work, sleep, and joint pain. Multivariable regression analysis revealed that higher patient preferences were associated with Jewish ethnicity (OR 4.77; 95%CI 2.36–9.61, P < 0.001) and disease activity. The more active the disease, the greater the odds ratio for higher ranking of the questionnaire items (1-2 attacks per year: OR 2.13; 95%CI 1.02–4.45, P = 0.043; and primarily active disease: OR 5.29; 95%CI 2.30–12.18, P < 0.001). Factors inversely associated with higher patient preference were male gender (OR 0.5; 95%CI 0.271-0.935, P = 0.030), UC (OR 0.444; 95%CI 0.241–0.819, P = 0.009), and above average income level (OR 0.267; 95%CI: 0.124–0.577, P = 0.001). CONCLUSION The highest priority for treatment outcomes was symptom relief., Patients preferences were impacted by ethnicity, gender, and socio-economic disparity. Understanding patients' priorities may improve communication and enable a personalized approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12899-12908
Number of pages10
JournalWorld Journal of Clinical Cases
Issue number35
StatePublished - 16 Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2022. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Crohn’s disease
  • Ethnicity
  • Ibd-disk
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Patients reported outcomes
  • Patients’ preferences
  • Ulcerative colitis


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