Disorders of the Eyelashes and Eyebrows

Peter A.D. Rubin, Shimon Rumelt

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The eyebrow and eyelashes are part of the normal aesthetic appearance of the face. The eyebrows participate in facial expression and are part of the individual identity. They also decrease sweat migration over the eyes. Disturbances of the eyebrows and eyelashes can be grouped as disorders of number and size, position, direction, pigmentation, texture, and location. There are probably several biochemical pathways that result either in hypertrichosis and hyperpigmentation or in poliosis and madarosis according their terminal melanotropic effect. The clinical disorders are specified in this chapter.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAlbert and Jakobiec's Principles and Practice of Ophthalmology
Subtitle of host publicationFourth Edition
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9783030426347
ISBN (Print)9783030426330
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2022.


  • Acquired distichiasis
  • Alopecia syndrome
  • Blepharopigmentation
  • Canities
  • Cilia
  • Congenital distichiasis
  • Congenital poliosis
  • Distichiasis
  • Duplication supercilia
  • Entropion
  • Epiblepharon
  • Eyebrow
  • Eyelashes
  • Glabella
  • Hairline
  • Hermansky-Pudlac syndrome
  • Hurler's syndrome
  • Hypertrichosis
  • Hypopigmentation
  • Madarosis
  • Oliver-McFarlane syndrome
  • Piebaldism
  • Pili torti
  • Poliosis
  • Polytrichia
  • Pretrichial brow
  • Pulmonary fibrosis
  • Synophrys
  • Tattooing
  • Temtamy syndromes
  • Trauma
  • Trichiasis
  • Trichomegaly
  • Trichotillomania
  • Vellus hairs


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