Diffusion in Coulomb crystals

J. Hughto, A. S. Schneider, C. J. Horowitz, D. K. Berry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Diffusion in Coulomb crystals can be important for the structure of neutron star crusts. We determine diffusion constants D from molecular dynamics simulations. We find that D for Coulomb crystals with relatively soft-core 1/r interactions may be larger than D for Lennard-Jones or other solids with harder-core interactions. Diffusion, for simulations of nearly perfect body-centered-cubic lattices, involves the exchange of ions in ringlike configurations. Here ions "hop" in unison without the formation of long lived vacancies. Diffusion, for imperfect crystals, involves the motion of defects. Finally, we find that diffusion, for an amorphous system rapidly quenched from Coulomb parameter Γ=175 to Coulomb parameters up to Γ=1750, is fast enough that the system starts to crystalize during long simulation runs. These results strongly suggest that Coulomb solids in cold white dwarf stars, and the crust of neutron stars, will be crystalline and not amorphous.

Original languageEnglish
Article number016401
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume84
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Jul 2011
Externally publishedYes

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